**Quote:**Easy refutation of the elephant gambit:

1.e4 e5 2. nf3 d5 3. ed5! bd6 (other moves are inferior) 4.nc3 nf6 5. bb5+ bd7 6.bd7 nd7 7. 0-0 0-0 8.d4! (not mentioned in any book - they only give d3) e4 9.ng5 NOW WHAT? If 9.- nb6 then 10. h3! and white is clearly much better. If 9.- h6 then 10. nge4 ne4 11.ne4 bh7+ 12.kh7 qh4+ 13.kg8 qe4 14.c4! and white is again much better.

I used to play the elephant myself untill I discovered this line. I then spend more than 100 hours analyzing it with computers and humans (+2300). It seems to me that the mighty elephant is stone dead

I could find only two games with 8 d4, both interesting but neither very convincing:

[Event "corr"]

[Site "?"]

[Date "1980.??.??"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Goerlinger, Stephane (FRA)"]

[Black "Halasz, Gyorgy (HUN)"]

[Result "0-1"]

[ECO "C40"]

[PlyCount "70"]

[EventDate "1980.??.??"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d5 3. exd5 Bd6 4. Nc3 Nf6 5. Bb5+ Bd7 6. Bxd7+ Nbxd7 7. O-O O-O

8. d4 e4 9. Ng5 h6 10. Ngxe4 Nxe4 11. Nxe4 Bxh2+ 12. Kxh2 Qh4+ 13. Kg1 Qxe4 14.

c4 Rfe8 15. b3 Nf6 16. Ba3 Qh4 17. g3 Qh3 18. Qf3 Re4 19. Rfe1 Rae8 20. Rxe4

Rxe4 21. d6 cxd6 22. d5 Qd7 23. Bb2 Qe7 24. Qf5 Nd7 25. Rd1 g6 26. Qh3 h5 27.

Bd4 b6 28. Rd2 f5 29. Be3 Ne5 30. Kg2 Ng4 31. Bd4 Re1 32. Qh4 Qe4+ 33. f3 Ne3+

34. Kf2 Rf1+ 35. Ke2 Qxf3+ 0-1

[Event "NATT4-06"]

[Site "corr"]

[Date "1995.12.20"]

[Round "?"]

[White "Neves, JoseJoaquim A Costa"]

[Black "Berthelsen, Roald (NOR)"]

[Result "1/2-1/2"]

[ECO "C40"]

[PlyCount "101"]

[EventDate "1995.12.20"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d5 3. exd5 Bd6 4. Nc3 Nf6 5. Bb5+ Bd7 6. O-O O-O 7. Bxd7 Nbxd7

8. d4 exd4 9. Qxd4 Re8 10. Bg5 Ne5 11. Nd2 h6 12. Bxf6 Qxf6 13. Nce4 Nf3+ 14.

Nxf3 Qxd4 15. Nxd4 Rxe4 16. Rfd1 Bc5 17. Nb3 Bb6 18. Re1 Rf4 19. Re2 Rd8 20. g3

Rc4 21. Rd1 a5 22. Rd3 a4 23. Nc1 f5 24. Kg2 Kf7 25. Kf3 Re8 26. Rxe8 Kxe8 27.

c3 Kd7 28. b3 axb3 29. axb3 Re4 30. Rd2 g5 31. h3 h5 32. Nd3 Kd6 33. c4 Rd4 34.

Ke2 h4 35. Rc2 Re4+ 36. Kf3 Ba7 37. Ra2 Bb6 38. Rc2 Ba7 39. gxh4 Rxh4 40. Kg3

Rd4 41. Nb2 Kc5 42. Rc3 Rd2 43. Na4+ Kb4 44. Rf3 Bd4 45. Rxf5 Kxb3 46. d6 cxd6

47. Nb6 Bxb6 48. Rb5+ Kxc4 49. Rxb6 d5 50. Rxb7 Re2 51. Kg4 1/2-1/2