The analysis of the lines 3…Rg1 and 3…Kf8 shows that Black’s attempt to activate his king via Kg7-f8-e7 can be effectively met by f5-f6. This possibility is also available in the lines which are analysed below (if Black tries to defend with Kf8).

**III. 3…Re1+** This move only improves the White king’s position.

**4.Kd5** **D. 1.-10** Again 4…Kf8 offers the most pertinent defence. After 5.f6 Ke8 6.Kd6 Ra1 7.Rc4 the game transposes to the D. 1.-5 after 6…Ke8 7.Rc4.

**A) 4...Rf1 ** This move was played in the game

**Nikolic-Ftacnik (1997)**. 4…Ra1 (B.) is not better. Just waiting on e-file also does not help - 4…Re2 (C.).

After 4...Rf1 the position would be drawn if Black were to play (see the line IV. 3…Rf1 after 4.Kd5?).

**5.Kd6 Ra1** 57...Kf8 offers the most stubborn defence but as we already know White wins by 58.f6. 58...Ke8 59.Rd5 Kd8 60.Kc6+ Ke8 61.Ra5 Rc1+ 62.Kd5 Rd1+ 63.Ke4 Re1+ 64.Kd3 transposes to the main line of D. 1.-7 after 16.Kd3.

**D. 1.-11** **a) 6.Rc4** The best move. The rook provides shelter from sideways checks and threatens to transfer to the seventh rank.

**6…Ra8** 6...Rd1+ 59.Ke7 Rd5 60.e6 (Ftacnik) loses immediately.

58...Ra6+ 59.Rc6 Ra8 60.Rc7 or 6...Ra5 7.Rc7 Ra6+ 8.Ke7 transpose into the game after 8. Ke7.

**7.Rc7 Ra6+** 7...Kf8 would put up the most resistance. 8.Kd7 Kg7 (8…Ra5 9.Rc8+ Kg7 10.f6+ Kh7 11.e6 +-Ftacnik) 61.Ke7 Rb8 62.Ra7 Rc8 transposes to the game Sitanggang-Mirumian 1996 (see line V.3…Ra5, D. 1.-19) .

**8.Ke7 Ra4 ** 8...Rb6 fails to 9.e6.

**9.e6 fxe6** 9...f6 10.Kd8+ Kg8 11.e7 (Ftacnik).

**10.f6+ Kg6 11.f7 Rf4 12.f8Q Rxf8 13.Kxf8 e5 14.Rc4.** Ftacnik resigned.

**b) 6.Ke7?!** **D. 1.-12** This move was played in

**Smeets-Wiersma (2003)** and also recommended in the analysis of Ftacnik, Emms and Nunn. It wastes time but does not throw away the win.

**b1) 6...Ra5!** This move offers greater resistance because forces the white king to go back to e4. 6…Ra7+?! (Ftacnik, Emms and Nunn) is weaker and loses very quickly (see the line b2). 6...Re1 fails to 7.e6 Re2 8.Rd7+- (Ftacnik).

**b1.-1) 7.e6?** This move throws away the win which was still possible with 7.Kd6! (b2).

**7…fxe6 8.fxe6** 8.Kxe6 Ra6+ 9.Ke7 (9.Rd6 Rxd6+ 10.Kxd6 Kf6 11.Kd5 h5!=) 9...Ra7+ 10.Rd7 Rxd7+ 11.Kxd7 Kf6=.

**D. 1.-13** **8...Ra7+ ** Black can draw also by 8...Ra8 and 8...Ra6=.

**9.Rd7 Ra6?** This move of Wiersma loses. Black could have drawn by nearly every other move on a-file. E. g. 9…Ra4 10.Ke8+ Kf6 11.e7 Ke6=. See the thread “Levenfish/Smyslov n. 190 unsound”, D. 5 after 8.Rd7 Ra8.

**10.Rd6? ** 10.Ke8+! Kf6 11.e7+- (Micawber).

**10...Ra7+? ** White returns the compliment. Black could have drawn by 10...Ra8! preventing the move Ke8. See the thread “Levenfish/Smyslov n. 190 unsound”, D. 5.

**11.Ke8 Ra8+ 12.Rd8 Ra7 13.Rd7+ 1–0** **b1.-2) 7.Kd6! ** White has no other choice than to bring his king back to e4.

**D. 1.-14** **7…Ra6+ ** Here 7…Kf8 loses quickly - 8.Rc4 Ra6 9.Rc6 Ra1 10.e6 fxe6 11.Kxe6 Re1+ 12.Kf6 Ke8 13.Re6+ 1–0

**Olejarczyk – Zurkowski (2011)**. If 9...Ra8 then 10.Kd7 Kg7 11.Rc8 Ra7+ 12.Kc6 Ra5 13.Re8 Kh7 14.f6 Ra1 15.Rf8 Ra7 16.Kd5 Rd7+ 17.Ke4 Ra7 18.Kf5 Rd7 19.Rxf7+ Rxf7 -

**Wohl-Hernandez (2011)** - 20.e6 Ra7 21.e7 Ra5+ 22.Ke6 Ra6+ 23.Kf7 Ra7 24.Kf8 Ra6 25.f7 1–0.

**8.Kd5! ** The king must head to e4. After 60.Kc7 Ra5 White has to backtrack - 61.Kd6! Ra6+ 62.Kd5.

**8...Ra5+ 9.Ke4!+-** In this position Black has basically the same choices as in D. 1.-2 (except, of course, 3…Rg1?, 3…Re1+ and 3…Rf1). In Sitanggang-Mirumian, van Beek-Span Black decided to keep his rook on the fifth rank (see the line 3…Ra5 (b5) . 9…Ra8 transposes to the line VI. 9…Kf8 loses to 10.f6 Ke8 11.Rb4 Ra8 (11...Ra1 12.Rb8+ Kd7 13.Rf8 Re1+ 14.Kd4 Rd1+ 15.Kc3 Rc1+ 16.Kd2+-) 12.Kf5 Kf8 13.g5+-.

**b2) 6…Ra7+? ** This move which is considered in the analysis of Ftacnik, Emms and Nunn loses very quickly.

**7.Rd7 Ra8** Ftacnik and Emms consider here 7…Ra5 which loses immediately - 8.e6 fxe6 9.f6++-.

Nunn’s move 7…Ra8 puts up more resistance.

**8.Rb7 Rc8 ** This position with the White rook on a7 arose in the game Sitanggang-Mirumian (1996).

**9.Kd6+-** (Nunn).

Nunn stopped his analysis here. A possible continuation could be 61...Kg8 62.e6 fxe6 63.fxe6 Ra8 64.Ke5 Re8 65.Kf6 Rf8+ 66.Rf7 Ra8 67.Rg7+ Kh8 68.e7 Ra6+ 69.Kf7 Ra7 70.Rg6 Kh7 71.Re6++-.

As in D. 1.-19, 61.e6?! instead of 9.Kd6 would be premature but it is also winning – 61… fxe6 62.Kxe6+ Kg8 63.Rd7 Rc6+ 64.Rd6 Rc8 65.f6 Ra8 66.Rd4 Ra6+ 67.Kf5 Kf7 68.Rd7+ Ke8 69.Rd5 Kf7 70.g5 hxg5 71.Rd7+ Ke8 72.Rb7 Kf8 73.Kg6 Re6 74.Rb8+ Re8 75.Rxe8+ Kxe8 76.Kg7+-.